Neolithic Age

Neolithic Age

       The Neolithic Age ( 4000 BC – 2500 BC) or the New Stone Age was the last phase of the Stone Age and is characterized by very finely flaked , small stone tools , also known as blades and burins. This was an age of food producers. The only Neolithic settlement in the Indian subcontinent attributed to 7000 BC lies in Mehrgarh, which is situated in Baluchistan in Pakistan. These stone blades are so sharp than the modern blades cannot match their smooth surface and cutting edges. They also used tools and weapons made of bones. Such implements have been found form Chirhand, a place near Patna.

The Neolithic Age also saw the domestication of cattle, horses, and other farm animal, which were used for dairy and meat products. An  important invention of this time was the making of the wheel. Other groups of Neolithic cultures are found in South India and Garo Hills in Meghalaya. The Neolithic people were the earliest farming communities. They lived in circular and rectangular houses made of mud and reed. The living was communal and they produced ragi and horse-gram. 

The Rise Of New Cultures

The Neolithic Age quickly gave way to a number of small “cultures” that were used copper and bronze to make a range of utilitarian tools. This phase or period is termed as the Chacolithic Age (1800 BC -1000 BC). A number of such sites have been found in the Chhota Nagpur Plateau region , the upper Gangetic basin, Karnataka and near the banks of river Narmada. One more important thing to know is that Neolithic Cultures did not grow uniformly everywhere in the world in the same order. In the near east farming communities grew but did not use pottery. Likewise the Neolithic Cultures of Asia and Africa grew independently of Europe and South America.

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